Gynecologists give reproductive and sexual health services that include pelvic exams, Pap tests, cancer screenings, and testing and treatment for vaginal infections.
They diagnose and treat reproductive system disorders such as endometriosis, infertility, ovarian cysts, and pelvic pain. They may also care for people with ovarian, cervical, and other reproductive cancers.
Some gynecologists also practice as obstetricians, who give care during pregnancy and birth. If a gynecologist has expertise in obstetrics, they’re called an OB/GYN.
Education and Training
Gynecologists are doctors who have completed specialized training in the female reproductive system. Like any medical or osteopathic doctor, a gynecologist must complete medical school followed by a residency. In the United States, residency programs and the certification process cover obstetrics and gynecology in combination.
The process involves:
- Four years of medical school
- Four years of residency
- Successful completion of the qualifying exam, a written test
- Documented experience in Patient care
- Successful completion of the certifying exam, an oral test
After becoming board-certified, a gynecologist may have advanced subspecialty training. Areas of training include:
- Family planning
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Pediatric and adolescent gynecology
- Pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery
Finding an OB/GYN You Trust
You wouldn’t want to trust just anyone with the most sensitive parts of your body. That’s why you need to think carefully about your choice of an OB/GYN.
Don’t just randomly pull a doctor’s name off your health insurance list. Get a referral from a friend, family member, or your primary care provider. Usually, your primary care provider can manage most screening procedures and will have a good referral resource if a specialist is needed.
As you’re making a decision, consider whether you would prefer a male or female gynecologist. Some women are more comfortable going to a doctor who identifies as a woman because they will have to undress completely during the exam.
Meet with the OB/GYN before making a decision. Ask about their medical experience, certification, and attitude about important reproductive issues, like birth control.
Your questions might include:
- Do you accept my health insurance?
- At which hospital do you have admitting privileges?
- What are your office hours?
- If you are not available when I need to see you, who will cover for you?
Make sure you’re completely comfortable before becoming a patient.
Reasons to See a Gynecologist
You may want to see a gynecologist if:
You’re Due for a Checkup
It’s important to have regular visits with your gynecologist to maintain your reproductive health. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, these visits should start between the ages of 13 and 15.
Depending on your health history and how old you are, your gynecologist may use this visit to screen for problems like cervical or breast cancer. The well visit is also your chance to ask the gynecologist about reproductive health concerns like birth control.
You Have Discomfort in Your Pelvic Region
Pain in the lower belly, also known as the pelvic region, may be a sign of a problem with the reproductive organs. Common causes of pelvic pain include menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, and ectopic pregnancy.
You Have Concerns about Your Period or Getting Pregnant
You can make an appointment with a gynecologist if you have changes in your monthly period, including unusual pain or bleeding. If you are in your 40s or 50s, your gynecologist can help you to figure out if you might be going through menopause.
Gynecologists can also help you with questions about pregnancy, including how to avoid getting pregnant and what to do if you think you might be pregnant.
You Have a Discharge You’re Concerned About
If you’re having an unusual discharge or odor, a gynecologist can diagnose the cause and offer treatment.
Click here to book an appointment with a doctor or you can also call 03171777509 from 9 AM to 11 PM to book your appointment.
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